Comparison Between Egyptian and Mesopotamian Religions and Beliefs!

The religious beliefs of the ancient Egyptians were the dominating influence in the development of their culture. The Egyptian faith was based on a collection of ancient myths, nature worship, and innumerable deities. Sumerian lives were spent serving the gods in the form of man-made statues. There was no organized set of gods; each city-state had its own patrons, temples, and priest-kings. The Sumerians were probably the first to write down their beliefs, which were the inspiration for much of later Mesopotamian mythology, religion, and astrology. Sumerians believed that the universe consisted of a flat disk enclosed by a tin dome. While the Mesopotamian’s didn’t have anything quit to scale with the pyramids, they did use and build ziggurats for religious purposes.

Both civilizations were centered on religion. Egypt believed in many gods. The gods Mesopotamia believed in tended to be absolute rulers to whom the people owed total devotion. In both civilizations religious leaders were given very high status and held in high regard. Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt are two religions that believed in monotheism. Both Egypt and Mesopotamia were polytheistic, that is, they believed their worlds were ruled by more than one god. Both civilizations believed that the gods created them. Both cultures also believed that they themselves were created for the purpose of serving their gods. Both worshipers took their names from the numerous gods and the cults that honored the deities, and priests in both religions were no special clothes, and made daily offering in the temples and held annual festivals open to public.

Mesopotamian religion saw humans as the servants of the gods, who had to be appeased for protection. Egyptians believed that the gods created all humans but were also controlled by the principle of maat, or order. Unlike followers of Mesopotamian religion, the Egyptians had a strong belief in the afterlife, which they expressed by building elaborate tombs such as the pyramids. The Sumerian afterlife involved a descent into a gloomy netherworld to spend eternity in a wretched existence as a Gidim (ghost). Egyptians believed that their gods had created Egypt as a sort of refuge of good and order in a world filled with chaos and disorder. The major god for much of Mesopotamia was the sky god Enlil; later th e worship of Enlil was replaced by the worship of the Babylonian god Marduk. For Egyptians, Amen-Ra was the most powerful deity, chief of the pantheon. Statues of winged bulls were a protective symbol related to the god Sin Mesopotamia, while the ankh, a kind of cross with a loop at the top, was a prominent representation of life in ancient Egypt. The Enuma Elish tells the Mesopotamian story of creation and explains how Marduk became the chief of the gods. The Egyptian Book of the Dead was a guide for the dead, setting out magic spells and charms to be used to pass judgment in the afterlife. Ancient Nippur was the site of the chief temple to Enlil, while Babylon was the location of Marduk’s sanctuary. Thebes and the temple complex of Karnak were home to the worship of Amen- Ra. In the modern world the remains of these early religions can be seen in Egypt’s pyramids, tombs for the pharaohs, and in Mesopotamia’s ziggurats, temples to the gods. The New Year’s Festival was a major event in Mesopotamian religion, while Egypt’s most important festival was Opet. Because Egypt was the “gift of the Nile” and generally prosperous and harmonious, Egyptian gods tended to reflect a positive religion with an emphasis on a positive afterlife. In contrast, Mesopotamian religion was bleak and gloomy. Ancient Mesopotamian prayers demonstrate the lack of relationships with gods and goddesses who viewed humans with suspicion and frequently sent calamities to remind everyone of their humanity. Such was the message found in the Gilgamesh Epic.

Although the religions of both civilizations shared many similarities, the differences were vast. The most notable ones are the importance and belief of afterlife and the relationship between Gods. Because of these differences, we believe, the civilizations were different because in early times, civilizations revolved around their beliefs and values but unfortunately, there was an end to these great civilizations.

Shoe Storage – The Shoe Aficionado’s Friend

You may not be in Imelda Marcos's league (in the 1980's, the widow of former Philippine president Fernando Marco was infamous for, among other things, her collection of more than 3,000 shoes), but you're no slouch in the shoe department. You have shoes for everyday wear, for your dancing nights on the town, and for each of your athletic pursuits. Oh, and you just found a great shoe sale, so you'll be adding to your already more-than-adequate shoe supply. Maybe it's time to think about shoe storage.

Stacking your shoes on the closet floor or lining them up under your bed might work, but if you want to be able to find just the right shoe at a moment's notice, a more organized form of shoe storage can do the trick.

With so many types and style of shoe organizers on the market, the only trouble you will have with shoe storage is deciding which one to choose.

Here are a few of your options:

If you want to keep your shoes out where you and others can admire them, consider a standing, rotating, shoe tree to display your collection. You'll find spinning shoe trees in attractive finishes like metallic bronze, and the best come with racks that can be adjusted vertically. Look for a rack with a weighted bottom to keep the stand from tipping over.

If you want the ultimate protection for your shoes, take a look at canvas shoe drawers, where you can hide your shoes away from dust and potential scuffing. You can find shoe drawers either as free-standing or hanging units. With shoe drawers, you gain the added flexibility of being able to store other items, like scarves, socks, or belts.

If saving space is an issue, how about an over-the-door shoe rack? Over-the-door shoe racks come in several styles, everything from a bamboo rack for your flip-flops and sandals to racks with fashionable wood frames and chrome inserts.

With the proper shoe storage , you'll always have room for that perfect new pair!

Marketing Video – The Mobile Technology Advertising Tool

The 4th Generation of mobile communication technology is around the corner. The 3rd generation has already taken the world by storm and we now carry desktop equivalents in our pockets. The mobile communication technology today has revolutionized our lives like never before. It enables us to access internet from anywhere, anytime.

This has changed the dynamics of work on the internet as well. The internet marketing has got a lot of scope of improvement. With the ability to view live videos with ease, the online marketing campaign is at par with television advertising and the ability to create market campaigns involving videos has become a possibility.

However there is one basic difference between advertising on television and advertising on the internet. The television offers you a possibility of browsing only a selected number of channels. On the other hand, the internet offers you almost unlimited possibilities of browsing.

Therefore the effect of a normal video campaign is not as much as it would be on television. However, internet offers you a great variety of video postings. These include product introduction, product launch, comparison, market analysis and many others depending on your marketing needs.

The marketing dynamics do not work the same way on the internet as they do in the other media. On the internet, it is a game of large numbers. A conversion of 1% of the total website views consistently is considered to be decent. On a regular basis, a prominent website can have hundreds of people visiting it. If you have a shop, do you have hundreds of people visiting it daily? Under normal circumstances, the answer is no. Therefore the kind of elaborate and expansive marketing campaigns that work conventionally are not relevant on the internet.

Let us consider a marketing video. A market video created after spending thousands may not be as effective as a simpler version of it. On the internet, the viewers need information which a marketing video should provide crisply and in an attractive manner. If the user is not satisfied, then he / she will move on to another option. Since it is important the marketing video should be convincing with all the visual effects that you would find in a conventionally good advertisement.

So how does one go about creating a marketing video that has got immune features and world class graphics? There are many software tools available that help in the creation. However, these tools are expensive and even the most easy-to-use among them is complicated enough for someone who wants a quick video created. Apart from the video creation, the editing process that follows is time consuming and intricate. This is what makes the creation of marketing video expensive since there being an incentive opportunity of using it for marketing.

All those who have so far missed the marketing video bandwagon can now board it easily. There is a software tool that allows you to create marketing video in about 3 minutes and this video is derived from the articles written for the campaign. Simple to use, this service helps creating a marketing video that exhibits the quality of world class video services. These videos have catchy titles and exquisite visuals that get a viewer hooked. The best part is the cost involved which is way more economic than the established costs for marketing video.

No Credit? Here Are Easy Ways You Can Build Credit

Are you someone who has not established credit yet? Are you denied the same access to credit cards, loans and other credit ways simply because your credit score is too low from not having enough credit or no credit at all. Do not fret, because help is on the way!

If you are planning on getting a personal loan, owning a car, having a home of your own, working in a bank or finally acquiring the furniture you've been longing for a long time then establishing a credit is the answer.

Here are a few ways you can start building up your credit report and get on the road to good credit!

– Start to apply for a guaranteed approval credit card that reports to the credit bureaus. Take your time and always read the fine print in order for you to find the best deal for yourself. These cards are similar to debit cards but they have the Visa or Mastercard logo on them and they report to the credit bureaus.

– Another option might be to check if the lending institution of your choice has a secured credit card being offered. The interest may be higher but you may be able to upgrade to an unsecured card within 12 months if you maintain your payments on time.

– Another type of credit card with easy approval requirements is the merchandise credit cards and department store credit cards. These are an excellent source to start to establish a line of credit. Make sure it's a store where you can purchase a lot of your shopping needs. This way, you do not need to apply for a multiple cards at once which can be seen as a negative on your credit report. One word of caution. Department store credit cards tend to have high interest rates, many of their interest rates start at 15%. So keep an eye on your balance and try to pay as much as you can each month. NEVER make just the minimum payment, especially on a department store credit card.

– Do not forget to fill up any application for a loan or credit card completely. If something does not apply put N / A on that line. Including your checking and savings accounts and any accounts you pay for on a monthly basis even if they do not appear on your credit report. If they do not appear on your credit report, please make sure you include a way for your prospective lender to contact them for a trade reference.

If you are thinking about applying for a car loan, it's good to do research on the dealership or car lot where you want to make the purchase. Most dealers will provide a source of financing. Some may carry their own loan and payment plans. Be on the lookout though and read contract carefully if you do not want to get stuck with an interest rate that is through the roof. This venture is where a good cosigner may come into play.

Use these tips to help jumpstart your credit history and get approved for the credit that you deserve!

Copyright (c) 2006 Liz Roberts